Face-Grain, Edge-Grain and End-Grain Cutting Boards.
End grain Boards are typically used to manufacture butcher blocks, as an example. The end grain boards are made by cutting the pieces of lumber into blocks and gluing the blocks together with the end grain up, forming the top surface of the cutting board. This block construction makes the butcher block very strong and durable. During cutting and chopping, the end grain wood fibers absorb the impact of the knife blade so the block is resistant to nicks and gouges. Basically, End grain cutting boards have a “self-healing” factor, as the fibers close up after they have been cut by the knife.
Edge Grain Boards: Crafted from full-length wood rails that span the entire length of the board. This is the most common wood cutting board, which looks exactly like you imagined a wood cutting board would look. Edge grain cutting boards feature a uniform thickness and true flat cutting surface.
Face Grain Boards: The most notable feature of face grain cutting boards is their gorgeous looks. As it’s the widest and flat side of the tree, you’re able to see more of the wood grain and patterns compared to edge grain or end grain cutting boards. Face grain boards will show knife marks faster than edge grain or end grain boards and are not recommended for heavy chopping use. But, face grain shows the most grain and often are the most striking of all cutting boards. Perfect for serving and charcuterie.